Fiber Reinforced Plastic Glass
(FRP) – An Innovative Construction Material

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When it comes to choosing a roof, you need a durable, long-lasting, and strong material. And, when it comes to choosing a transparent roof, many factors need to be considered. You want maximum light to enter your structure, but you also don’t want to burn off your skin with damaging exposure to sunlight. And the only option you think you have is the glass, but with industry development now we have a better alternative of glass.

First and foremost, glass is the most transparent material that has been used for ages. But, glass allows all of the light from the sun, which includes visible light, heat and ultraviolet rays. While the visible light is amazingly beneficial, the ultraviolet rays are equally harmful and heat at floor needs cooling which costs extra. Realizing this, there has been an innovation in the material of glass. Glass fibers are now mixed with polyester resin to form glass-reinforced plastic (GRP), the new material for transparent roofs.

Industrial glass fiber has been included in our life as the raw material of the first insulation materials. As an insulation material, the insulation panels, roof panels and roof plates have been produced on a large scale and have enabled the buildings to be healthy living areas. Industrial glass fiber was used as the raw material of the first insulating products in our lives. As an insulation material, the insulation panels, roof panels and roof plates have been produced on a large scale and have enabled the buildings to be healthy living areas.

What is Fiber Glass (Plastic)?

Widely known as Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) is a type of plastic where the reinforced material is glass fiber. The fiber of glass is usually flattened into a sheet, arranged at random, or woven into a cloth. The glass fiber may be made of various types of glass, depending on the application. 

Fiber glass is lightweight, less-brittle and durable. The best feature of fiber glass is its ability to be reshaped into different, complicated structures. It explains pretty much why fiber glass is commonly used in Roofing, Insulation, Water Gutter, Skylight, Boats, bathtubs, vessels, aircraft, etc.

How is Fiber glass made?

How is Fiber glass made FRP

Fiber glass is made of glass similar to that in windows or kitchen glassware. Glass is heated up to liquid, and squeezed through superfine holes to create fiberglass. It produces incredibly thin glass filaments — so thin really, that they are measured in microns.

These flexible filament threads can be used in a variety of applications: they can be woven into larger material swatches or left in a much less formal form used for the more common puffy texture used for insulation or sound insulation. The final application depends on the conditions (longer or shorter) of the extruded strands and the consistency of the fiberglass. 

The name of fiberglass has frequently appeared in the last quarter of the century, the design and development market, contradictory to what is supposed to be used from long-standing history. Particularly from the time when fine glass decorations with goblets, vases, and various textile items have entered human life and history. It is interesting how vases and goblets were embellished with glass ropes also during the ancient period.

Also Read: Application of Pre-Engineered Buildings

Properties of Fiber Glass:

  • Mechanical strength: The strength of fiberglass is higher than steel. It is also used to deliver high-efficiency work and can sustain the heavy load.
  • Electrical characteristics: Even at low thickness fiberglass is a great electrical insulator.
  • Incombustibility: This is naturally incombustible since fiberglass is a mineral material. When exposed to fire, it does not release smoke or harmful materials.
  • Dimensional stability: Fiberglass has high resistance towards thermal and hygrometric variations. Has a low linear expansion coefficient.
  • Compatibility with organic matrices: Fiberglass can be of different sizes and can be mixed with other synthetic resins and some mineral matrices such as cement.
  • Non-rotting: Fiberglass itself does not rot and will not be harmed by rodent or insect activity.
  • Thermal conductivity: The thermal conductivity of fiberglass is low and thus very useful in the building insulation industry.

Fiber Glass – Plastic Material for Construction Industry:

When one thinks of fiberglass in architecture, the first thing that comes to mind is insulation; but fiberglass has many other architectural uses, some unknown to most architects. Whether it’s used on the structure or as a complementary embellishment, this material can be surprising. 

Furthermore, this material has a wide list of positive properties: it withstands inclement weather, it behaves well in sub-zero temperatures, it doesn’t suffer from corrosion, it’s easy to maintain, it has low thermal conductivity, it’s sturdy, behaves well in tension and compression, it’s light, allows a smooth finish and it’s cheap compared to concrete or other traditional materials.

Glass-reinforced plastics gave life to the new generation material of glass fiber, roof, wall, and surface coating. Glass fiber or fiberglass, GRP, glass-reinforced panels, as a semi-finished frame of this material, are much more durable chemically and mechanically and have developed and provide an interesting aesthetic. With the contribution of fiberglass, the FRPs industry is using this material more and more and this GRP is widely used material for the interior and exterior of buildings.

In other words, glass-reinforced plastics are the name of the substance that is abbreviated as fiberglass. Fiber-reinforced Plastic materials are generally called abbreviated fiberglass, meaning the distinction between fiberglass and FRP has slowly vanished. GRP is made by mixing glass reinforced plastics, fiberglass and resin using several different process techniques. In the building industry, GRP is widely used for the design of panels used in roof, facade and wall coverings.

Use of Fiber Glass in Construction Area:

In the construction area, Fiberglass is preferred because of its strength and performance. Waterproof properties, Insulation Properties, corrosive resistance, Fire retardant are some of the properties of fiberglass. Fiberglass plastics are durable and versatile and due to fibers of glass it is used to secure the walls of cement, steel and wood.

FRPs are used in roof panels and wall cladding. In this way, it can be applied to improve building aesthetics in terms of look. In addition to the general design of houses, semi-finished fiberglass materials are used mainly in indoor use areas along with FRPs. Due to the nature of the composite material created by glass fiber and plastic resin, its esthetic formability and durable construction have proven to be the most preferred system for interior design and coating.

Also Read: Types of Steel Deck used in Green Building Construction

Advantage of Fiber Glass for the Construction Industry:

Glass profiles are an affordable choice over traditional materials such as concrete, stainless steel, aluminum and wood. GRP combines several advantages, given that these materials have only one primary strength. Fiberglass is ideal for the sustainable construction of the future.  Here are the key advantages of fiberglass for the construction industry and a simple overview of all the many opportunities that fiberglass products can offer.

Translucent and Opaque

#1 – Lightweight:

GRP profiles weigh relatively low. This makes it easier for them to work with and means that the finished structure can achieve great performance advantages.

#2 – Great Strength:

Composites offer you the same strength as steel, under a quarter of the density. Weight savings can also lower compared to aluminum, as the density is 30 % lower.

#3 – Corrosion Free:

Fiberglass models tolerate both harmful chemicals and liquids and are resistant to oxidation. This makes them suitable for wastewater treatment plants, swimming pools, cooling towers and buildings where corrosion is at risk.

#4 – Electrical Insulation:

GRP profiles provide electrical insulation and reduce earthing complexity. This makes Bansal fiberglass profiles a great choice where both installation costs and future inspections cost can be significantly reduced.

#5 – Easy To Work With:

GRP profiles are as easy and fast to handle as wood. It makes it easy to mount our model applications on-site or to fit them to different hardware such as pipe systems, etc.

#6 – Sustainable:

Fiberglass profiles are developed using an energy-optimized method that protects the environment. The excellent longevity of the material, however, ensures that little maintenance resources are needed. The products may be reused until they are no longer necessary. So it can be recycled again and again making it environmentally friendly.

#7 – Minimal Maintenance:

As Fiberglass is almost everything resistant for example it does not rot and have great durability and strength which eventually leads to low maintenance and low maintenance cost. 

Bansal Roofing Products Ltd is India’s leading FRP product producer company in Vadodara, India. We produce FRP plain and profile sheets, Domes, Doors and other decorative material. Each batch guarantees the same high standards in production. Our translucent sheet for ceilings reinforced with fiberglass is custom made and gives natural light transmission combined with a variety of resins, profiles, weights and reinforcements to accomplish specific needs. The translucent sheet for ceilings reinforced with fiber-glass does not rot, rust, generate mould, resists most chemicals and corrosion. For a free sample of any particular colour, please contact us or call us at +91-9925050913.

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